There is no doubt about it: a Container Prefab Homes is better than a home built traditionally.
Whether planning to build your own house or you are just curious, this article will guide you through the various stages of how container Prefab Homes are built.
What are Container Prefab Homes?
Prefab homes are houses, parts of which are pre-built in the factory. The container prefab homes are constructed within a more controlled environment by experienced workers. Factory production requires a lot of preparation, unlike in the traditional building process. When a home has to be made in a factory, details are essential.
Depending on how much finished the house has to be when delivered on-site, The Prefabrication process can undergo differently.
The two main varieties of prefabrication "options" are modules and elements. Building with more features provides more flexibility. Constructing a house with modules can save lots of time and energy on-sit, but it can limit the size and shape of rooms.
The advantages and disadvantages of modular construction are explained in detail in the article: Prefab Homes Container: It's Pros and Cons. Let's now take a look at the process of building a prefab home from start to finish.
NOTE: Container Prefab Homes can be built out of concrete as well, but a focus only on wooden buildings.
1. The Idea of Container Prefab Homes
It all begins with an idea. When you realize you want to have a better space for your family, and you start to think about how your dream home will look. Focusing on the size and needs of your family, your habits and routines, you can note down a list of your requirements.
Then, you can research the internet to find some sample of houses that matches your requirements.
Now, to get a rough budget, estimate the approximate floor area of the house.
NOTE: If you think the house is getting too expensive, you may cut the floor area by shrinking or removing rooms, until you are comfortable with the budget.
2. An Architectural Design Drafting
As you have your sketch now, some sample photos, a general idea on the costing, you can go for an experienced Architect and start to work on your house.
Consulting an experienced Architect from an early period is essential for three reasons:
The Architect is well-known with local formalities and best practices (these are different from Municipality to Municipality) and following his suggestion will save you plenty of time and annoyance;
The Architect can suggest appropriate individual solutions that will considerably improve the look and functionality of your house.
In some cases, you will require a designer to deal with official procedures and permits of the Municipality.
3. Drafting a Budget
Many think that Container Prefab Homes are delivered by the Manufacturer fully finished and ready for you to move in, But that's not true. You may need to fix the right amount of budget for the side expenses.
Foundations and Groundworks: this is generally out of the scope for a factory Manufacturer, and you may have to take care of it before the house is delivered.
Connections: same as the point above. Links to the networks (water, sewer, electricity, communications) shall be planned and executed together with foundation.
Structure of the House: It comes from the factory Manufacturer and usually finished and installed on the site.
Doors and Windows: Normally delivered and installed by the factory, but make sure you use this well in your building in advance.
Roof: It depends on the type of cover you select for your roof.
Technical installations: electricity, heating, plumbing, ventilation, are the central installations in the house, and, authorized and expert local Companies must do them.
Interior finishes: When the technical installations are in place, the house is ready to be completed.
Construction site: So, last but not least, safety, security, accessibility, these are the most important things to consider for a construction site.
4. Choosing the Best Manufacturer
It is a time-consuming operation to Choose the right Manufacturer. In this stage, you may have a lot of questions and you may start interacting with Manufacturers randomly to get your answers.
5. Choosing all other Contractors
The best way to build a prefab container house "by yourself" is to find a local contractor who can take care of most of the works that are not performed by the Manufacturer. When the right contractor is working, the Manufacturer will have a competent person to contact on the site. In construction - proper information flow is often what makes or breaks the project.
6. Engineering Works
As all the workers have been hired, it is time to begin the engineering works for building the prefab house. This stage will take considerable time, and it is one of the fundamental steps of how Container Prefab Homes are built. Depending on the size of the Container Prefab Homes and the complexity of the architecture, the engineering design can take anywhere from 4 to 12 weeks.
7. Preparing the Construction Site
The construction site should be prepared while the engineering design is on-going. Before the design is finished, The Manufacturer will send the plan of loads to the "plan of loads to the foundation," so that the General Contractor will be able to execute the foundation works. The right timing is critical in this stage.
When the foundation of Container Prefab Homes have been cast, and its measures have been confirmed to the Manufacturer, production can begin.
The production might consist of the shortest stage of the entire process (transport is the quickest). Production of one general single-family prefab house takes less than one week. In the case of row-houses, one unit can be produced in just 2-3 days. That is remarkably fast.
Once the house is manufactured, it is shipped to the construction site.
10. On-site Assembly
Finally, the house is ready to be assembled on-site. The time required for assembly varies depending on the degree of manufacturing and the size and type of the house.
11. Technical Installations
As the structure of the house is up now, the Team of the Manufacturer can leave, and the site will need to be worked with General Contractor, who shall coordinate the works of the Companies executing the technical installations. Typical installations for a standard Container Prefab Homes include plumbing, electricity, ventilation, heating, communications. It may take several weeks to get all those works finished and tested adequately.
12. Interior Finishes
In the last stage, the General Contractor (or other appointed Company) will perform the Interior Finishing Works. Depending on the size of the Container Prefab Homes and the level of the finishes, this stage can take anywhere between two weeks and a few months.
13. Handing Over the House
Once the Interior Finishing Works are completed, the General Contractor shall perform a final inspection together with the Owner, and they should verify that everything has been built according to the plan and the expectations. The Container Prefab Home is now ready for the owners to move in.
So, unless you are planning to build on the peak of a mountain, it is safe to assume that your best bet is to create a Container Prefab Homes.